1001 - LEGAL RESEARCH AND WRITING 1
The basic tools and methods of legal research as well as development of writing skills necessary in the practice of law. Completion of legal research exercises and preparation of memoranda.
1002 - LEGAL RESEARCH AND WRITING 2
Continuation of LAW 1001. Drafting court documents, writing an appellate brief, and participation in oral advocacy.
1004 - LEGAL PROBLEM SOLVING AND ANALYSIS
Allows students to reflect on what they have learned through careful review of the methods of legal analysis and work on complex problems beyond the bounds of any single doctrinal subject, explored through simulation and teamwork. The course will focus on problem solving and will give students an opportunity to interact with practicing lawyers and judges.
1011 - CIVIL PROCEDURE 1
The operation of the courts. The organization of state and federal courts and the relation between them; the methods by which these courts attempt to resolve civil disputes in accordance with controlling law and the extent to which a judicial decision is conclusive of subsequent disputes. Jurisdiction of courts over persons, property, and subject matter; the scope of litigation as to claims, defenses, and parties; preparation for trial through pleading, discovery and pretrial; trials and the related functions of judge and jury; appeals and the role of the appellate courts; the means of controlling frivolous litigation; and the finality of judgments and decrees, consideration of the process by which judicial decision-makers are selected; questions of professional responsibility and attorney decorum in civil litigation; and brief mention of alternative dispute resolution systems. Preparation of pleadings used in civil litigation.
1012 - CIVIL PROCEDURE 2
Continuation of LAW 1011.
1015 - CIVIL PROCEDURE
The operation of the courts. The organization of state and federal courts and the relation between them; the methods by which these courts attempt to resolve civil disputes in accordance with controlling law and the extent to which a judicial decision is conclusive of subsequent disputes. Jurisdiction of courts over persons, property, and subject matter; the scope of litigation as to claims, defenses, and parties; preparation for trial through pleading, discovery and pretrial; trials and the related functions of judge and jury; appeals and the role of the appellate courts; the means of controlling frivolous litigation; and the finality of judgments and decrees; consideration of the process by which judicial decision-makers are selected; questions of professional responsibility and attorney decorum in civil litigation; and brief mention of alternative dispute resolution systems. Preparation of pleadings used in civil litigation. (Summer Only)
1021 - CONTRACTS 1
The nature and history of contract law, the concept of “freedom of contract”, the intention to be legally bound, reaching an agreement, interpreting assent, written manifestations of assent, the doctrine of consideration, the doctrine of promissory estoppel, performance and breach, conditions, defenses to contractual obligation, remedies, and the relation between basic contracts concepts and Article 2 of the Uniform Commercial Code.
1022 - CONTRACTS 2
Continuation of LAW 1021.
1031 - PROPERTY 1
Law of finders, rule of capture, gifts, adverse possession, and landlord-tenant. Methods of title assurance, estates, future interests, easements and covenants, and takings issues.
1032 - PROPERTY 2
Methods of title assurance, estates (other than leaseholds),future interests, easements and covenants, and public control of land use.
1035 - PUBLIC LAW AND THE LEGAL PROCESS
An introduction to public law and the modern administrative state. The course will cover the creation of public law both internationally and nationally, the fundamentals of treaty and statutory interpretation, the administrative process including rulemaking, and the range of regulatory tools.
1043 - TORTS
The basis and extent of legal liability for intentional or negligent invasions of protected interest in 1) physical security and autonomy; 2) emotional security and other tangible interest; and 3) economic security and opportunity. Proving breach of duty, cause in fact and proximate cause, and compensatory and punitive damages.
1052 - CRIMINAL LAW
The theories of crime and punishment, the manner in which crimes are defined and graded, the principles of criminal culpability including the mental element of crime and the requirement of an act; the exculpatory devices including defenses, excuses and justifications; and the parties to crime including aiders, abettors and conspirators.
1208 - ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
The powers and procedure of administrative agencies in this country. Constitutional limitations, the nature of the power vested in administrative bodies, distinction between legislative, judicial, and executive powers, procedural and evidentiary problems, conclusiveness of administrative determinations, the requirement of due process, and the extent of judicial control over administrative action. The allocation and control of agency power and, ultimately, how procedural fairness is accommodated to the efficient accomplishment of legislative purpose.
1212 - ADVANCED LEGAL RESEARCH (SKILLS)
Advanced training in the legal research skills for the practice of law. State and federal case law, statutory and administrative law, legislative history research, and research in specific areas of the law such as tax and international law. The integration of electronic and print research materials and advanced training on Lexis & Westlaw.
1214 – ADVANCED TRADEMARK/COPYRIGHT LAW
Advanced study of current problems in trademark and copyright law. The historical background and general survey, analysis of the interrelationship of these areas, and the effectiveness of controls that are designed to prevent misuses of these rights; comparisons with foreign legal systems.
1216 - ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (SKILLS)
Mediation theory and practice, listening skills, problem determination, summarization, issue and interest identification, generation and evaluation of alternatives and the drafting of written agreements. This course will involve live mediation of disputes between citizens in a local court.
1218 - FINANCIAL LITERACY
Exposes students to the language and techniques derived from disciplines such as economics, accounting, finance and statistics, all of which are essential l to legal argumentation and sound legal advice. Students will be introduced to the techniques of accounting (e.g., financial and income statements, analysis, accounting standards), finance (e.g., time value of money; diversification; asset valuation) and statistical analysis, (e.g., measures of the central tendency, visual presentations of data and sampling).
1220 - ANTITRUST LAW
The statutory underpinning of a competitive economy. Analysis of the structures of the Sherman and Clayton Acts. Legal areas include monopolizations and price fixing. Particular attention on issues of current concern.
1221 - ARBITRATION
The basic of the arbitration and law and practice including planning for arbitration agreements; enforceability of arbitration agreements: arbitrability; interplay between federal and state arbitration laws; the role and responsibilities of arbitrators and administering institutions; arbitral proceedings, and enforcement of arbitral awards. In addition to commercial, labor and a few other branches of domestic arbitration, the course will also touch on international commercial arbitration. Special attention will be given to the rules and practices of the American Arbitration Association and other arbitration institutions.
1224 - BANKRUPTCY & CREDITORS’ RIGHTS
The traditional creditor’s remedies employed to enforce money judgments. The relative rights of debtors and creditors under the Federal Bankruptcy Code.
1228 - BANKRUPTCY: PRACTICE & PROCEDURE (SKILLS)
Advanced bankruptcy litigation issues. Drafting documents and pleadings relating to bankruptcy practice. Prerequisites: LAW 1224 or permission of professor.
1232 - BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS 1
The nature, formation and characteristics of closely held enterprises, including partnerships, limited liability companies and corporations. The duties and liabilities of the participants in the entities and general agency concepts.
1236 - BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS 2
Publicly held corporations and their management and ownership with particular focus on derivation litigation, shareholder voting and proxy rules, and the liability provisions of the Exchange Act.
1240 - BUSINESS PLANNING (SKILLS)
State substantive law and securities and tax law in planning the formation and change of business entities. Proposing solutions to the problems presented by the business client, the preparation of better explaining proposals to the client, and drafting documents that will carryout the proposed plan. Problems involving both incorporated and unincorporated business entities. Prerequisites: LAW 1232 - Business Organizations 1; 1440 - Taxation: Federal Income Tax; and either 1444 Taxation of Corporation and Shareholders or 1448 - Taxation of Partnerships and Partners.
1248 - CIVIL PRACTICE: AN INTRODUCTION (SKILLS)
The skills, comparative theories, and ethics of practicing law in a general, civil law office. Socialization of becoming a lawyer, client interviewing and counseling, dispute resolution systems, analysis of legal writing, file maintenance techniques, systematic case preparation and planning, pre-trial drafting (e.g., complaint, discovery, motions, affidavits, and journal entries), and negotiation. Prerequisite for placement in a civil program of Extern Clinic.
1252 - CIVIL RIGHTS
Historical federal civil rights statutes, i.e., 42 U.S.C. Sections 1981, 1982, 1983 and 1985 (3); Eleventh Amendment and other judicial immunities; procedural aspects of civil rights litigation; illustrative modern civil rights statutes, i.e., Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972; attorney fees under the statutes and 42 U.S.C. Section 1988.
1253 – CLIMATE CHANGE: SCIENCE AND LAW
Exploration of three main aspects of global climate change: The science of climate change; international responses; and domestic legal developments.
1256 - COMMERCIAL LAW: PAYMENTS
The law governing modern payment systems including negotiable instruments, check collections, electronic funds transfers and letters of credit. Article 3, 4, 4A, & 5 of the Uniform Commercial Code and related provisions of federal law. Students may not register for LAW 1256 if credit for LAW 1264 - Commercial Transactions has been received.
1260 - COMMERCIAL LAW: SALES & SECURED TRANSACTIONS
Articles 2, 2A and 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. The legal issues arising in the sale and leasing of goods, the financing of personal property, and both consumer and commercial transactions. (Students may not register for LAW 1260 if credit for LAW 1264 has been received.)
1264 - COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS
The law of negotiable instruments and secured transactions as governed by Articles 3, 4 and 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. The negotiability of commercial paper, the Holder in Due Course Doctrine, the creation and perfection of security interests in personal property, the priority of security interests and other liens, inventory and accounts receivable financing. Letters of credit, electronic funds transfer, and the relationship between Article 9 and the Federal Bankruptcy Code. (Students may not register for this course if either LAW 1256 - Commercial Law: Payments; or LAW 1260 - Commercial Law: Sales & Secured Transactions has been taken.)
1268 - COMPLEX LITIGATION (SKILLS)
An examination of complex litigation structures such as class actions, multi-party joinder, multi-district litigation, large case discovery and emerging alternative dispute resolution techniques.
1276 - CONFLICT OF LAWS
The legal problems which arise when an occurrence or transaction cuts across state or national boundaries, including choice of law, jurisdiction, constitutional limitations, and recognition of foreign judgments.
1280 - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 1
The basic principles of judicial review and federalism under the U.S. Constitutional system; the role of the Court in Constitutional cases; the powers of the federal government; and the allocation of powers between state and federal governments.
1284 - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 2
The constitutional limitations on governmental powers arising under the guarantees of individual rights in the Bill of Rights (with the exception of those Amendments which are directed primarily at rights of alleged criminals which are covered in Criminal Procedure), Rights of Free Speech and association under the First Amendment; and procedural and substantive Due Process (privacy, right to die, abortion, gay rights) and Equal Protection (class-based discrimination, such as race, gender.)
1285 - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: FEDERALIST UNDERSTANDING
The focus of this course will be on the relationship of The Federalist Papers and the Constitution. Students will be required to read the entire text of The Federalist: the Gideon Edition (Liberty Fund edition by Drs. Carey and McClellan), although only selected essays will actually be covered in the class. The essays will primarily be those, such as numbers 1, 9, 10, 23, 39, 45, 47-51, 63, 68-71, 76, 78-85, which explain the basic structure of separation of powers, federalism, and republicanism. The discussion will also connect particular essays with foundational Supreme Court cases, such as Marbury, Gibbons, Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee, McCulloch, which students read in their basic course on Constitutional Law. Students, however, need not have already had the basic course in Constitutional law. This course will be held in Washington, DC.
1292 - CORPORATE FINANCE (SKILLS)
Analytical and technical skills for students who plan to practice in the area of transactional law. The development of skills in providing intelligent legal and business advice to corporate managers who seek to generate profits and manage risks. The preparation and analysis of financial statements; the time value of money; valuation techniques; dividend policy; capital financing through debt/equity; efficient capital markets; and options strategies. As basic calculator and subscription to a financial newspaper such as the Wall Street Journal are required. Students who have already earned an MBA are not eligible for this course. Prerequisite: LAW 1232 - Business Organizations.
1296 - CRIMINAL PRACTICE: AN INTRODUCTION (SKILLS)
Procedural and substantive law necessary for representation of the state or municipality in the prosecution of misdemeanors or in the defense of indigent persons charged with misdemeanors. Prerequisite for placement in a prosecutor or public defender program of extern clinic.
1297 - CRIMINAL PRACTICE: ADVANCED (SKILLS)
The pleading and practice of post-conviction criminal defense and prosecution. Sentencing, Federal Sentencing Guild lines, appeal and other post-conviction relief, including Federal Habeas Corpus. Criminal Practice: An introduction is not a prerequisite for this course.
1300 - CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Constitutional issues involved in legal controls over police investigative procedures: unwarranted arrest and detention, unreasonable searches and seizures, self-incrimination, the right of the accused to a fair trial, the right to counsel, police interrogation, and the nature of due process.
1304 - DOMESTIC RELATIONS
The laws governing marriage, separation and divorce; marital contracts; custody of children, support and property division on divorce; and adoption.
1305 - CREATING FAMILIES: MARRIAGE, ADOPTION & NON-TRADITIONAL ALTERNATIVES
An exploration of the rules & procedures for creation of familites through marriage, adoption, and non-traditional methods.
1308 - EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION LAW
The various sources of law, mostly federal which prohibit discrimination in employment. Major emphasis on Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion and national origin. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act.
1310 - ENTERTAINMENT LAW
Organization and regulation of the film, television and music industries, copyright, and contractual protections, artist representation, rights of publicity and merchandising, censorship, globalization, diversity and cultural effects of the media.
1312 - ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
Major federal laws relating to air and water pollution and hazardous waste management, command and control, market trading, and other forms of legal regulation in the environmental area.
1316 - ESTATE PLANNING (SKILLS)
An examination, from a family estate planning perspective, of legal principles critical to the development of an effective dispositive plan. The principles of state law relating to (a) wills, trusts, and other dispositive instruments, and (b) the creation and transfer of various property interests, and the principles of Federal tax law (under income tax, gift tax, estate tax, and GST tax statutes) pertinent to the development of a variety of estate plans. Requirement to draft dispositive instruments designed to resolve both common and unusual planning problems. Prerequisites: LAW 1320, 1440 and 1452.
1320 - ESTATES, WILLS & TRUSTS
The law of intestate and testate succession; formal requirements of wills, testamentary capacity, undue influence, fraud and mistake, holographic and nuncupative wills integration and incorporation by reference; revocation, republication, revival and amendment. The nature, creation, and elements of a trust; rights, liabilities and duties of settlor, trustee and beneficiary; creditors’ rights against trust property; modification and termination of a trust, charitable trusts; resulting and constructive trusts, and general fiduciary responsibilities and administrative problems.
1324 - EVIDENCE
The basic rules of the exclusionary system of evidence which govern the proof of disputed propositions of fact in criminal and civil trials. The role of the judge and jury; relevance rules; hearsay rules and exceptions; the competency, examination and privileges of witnesses; expert witnesses; impeachment of witnesses; the right to confrontation in criminal cases; and the Federal Rules of Evidence.
1328 - FEDERAL COURTS
The principles of federalism and comity in the division of power between state and federal courts. Particular focus is paid to the kinds of jurisdiction granted to federal course by Article III of the Constitution, Congress’ control of that jurisdiction, justiciability, Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity, abstention, the applicability of state and federal law to civil actions in federal court, Supreme Court review of state court judgments and an overview of Section 1983 litigation.
1330 - GUARDIAN AD LITEM LAW AND PRACTICE (SKILLS)
The duties and role of guardians ad litem in juvenile, domestic and probate courts. Skills development through hypotheticals. Researching and analyzing appropriate statutes and rules, accessing and assessing records and other sources of information; preparing court recommendations; participating in mock case and court situations.
1332 - IMMIGRATION & NATIONALITY LAW
A practice-oriented and problem solving approach to U.S. immigration and citizenship law and its administrative processing and enforcement structure, by examining its historical development, classifications, and procedures, including temporary visa, permanent residency, refugees, asylum, and citizenship; issues of deportation and exclusion of aliens, and related enforcement procedures, as well as immigration-related requirements for U.S. employers.
1336 - INDEPENDENT STUDY
Independent research under the supervision of a member of the Law School faculty. The scope and subject matter of the research project to be determined by the teacher who agrees to undertake the supervision and grading of the student’s research. Independent Study may be taken only one time.
1344 - INSURANCE
Principles of indemnity, insurable interest, and subrogation: the formation and construction of contracts for various types of insurance (solicitation and sale of insurance, authority of brokers and agents, the effect of binders and binding receipts): the risk transferred from insurer and the definition and control of such risk (coverage provisions, representation, warranties, the doctrine of concealment, etc.): recovery by insured notwithstanding contract terms (waivers, estoppels, reformation of contract, etc.): settlement of claims: and government regulations and sponsorship of insurance.
1348 - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND UNFAIR COMPETITION LAW
Trademark, copyright, trade secret and unfair competition laws.
1350 - INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW: NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
Overview of legal environment for Non-governmental organizations and the role of NGOs in society. This course will compare international and municipal laws relating to the existence and operation of NGOs in both developed and developing countries. Topics covered will include the legal foundation for NGOs, structure and governance, economic activities and taxation, and reporting requirements. In addition, the course will look at some of the emerging trends occurring in civil society which include NGO and government relations, advocacy, ethics and accountability, social partnership and the prevention of foreign NGOs.
1352 - INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS
Legal problems relating to the conduct of business in the international marketplace. Rules relating to national and international investment, sales, shipping, financing and dispute resolution along with details of the national and international regulation of trade.
1353 - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION LAW (SKILLS)
The basics of the law and practice of international commercial arbitration: arbitration agreements, arbitrability; initiation of arbitration; appointment of arbitrators; arbitral proceedings; rendering an award; control mechanisms, and recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards under international conventions and the laws of the United States and numerous other countries.
1356 - INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE LAW
Examination and comparison of the development, structure, and processes characteristic of civil law, common law and socialist legal traditions. Specific problem areas for comparative legal research and analysis.
1357 - INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW
Study of prosecution of crimes with an international character in national criminal justice systems and the prosecution of international crimes in an international criminal justice setting. Focus on multinational criminal conduct in such areas as cyber-crime and financial misconduct as well as the International Criminal Court and international crimes such as genocide and crimes against humanity. Will include comparative analysis of procedural questions relating to jurisdiction.
1360 - INTERNATIONAL LAW
Public international law, its nature, sources and subjects. A comparative study of state, international organization, and non-state actors. Their respective processes for national, inter-state, regional and global dispute settlement, diplomacy, justice, development, and conflict transformation. State sovereignty, avenues for societal and individual claims for protection, redress and normative change. The international role of epistemic communities in safeguarding the environment and common practices.
1364 – INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
The concept of human rights; the normative foundation of international human rights, national security and limitations on human rights, universalism and cultural relativism in human rights. Also, focuses on international human rights organizations; mainly the United Nations system of protection of human rights; and different regional systems of human rights protection such as the European, African and Inter-American systems.
1368 - INTERNET LAW
The course will address the particular legal issues posed by the global and anonymous nature of the internet. The primary focus will be on intellectual property issues, but we will also address the First Amendment protection available for internet speech, regulation of advertising, jurisdictional issues, privacy, and obscenity.
1369 - JUDICIAL OPINION WRITING (SKILLS)
This skills-based course will familiarize students with the various types of opinions and orders encountered in the trial and appellate courts, provide the students with the theoretical considerations involved in drafting such judicial decisions, and equip students with a step-by-step approach to writing judicial decisions from the perspectives of judicial officers, law clerks, externs, and attorneys submitting proposed orders.
1370 – JUDICIAL DECISION MAKING
Close legal analysis of a line of cases focusing on the process by which a course develops a rule of law through stare decisis. Students will prepare detailed, case by case briefs and read classic works on the principles of common law judicial decision making, coupled with the impact of statutory change.
1371 - JURY INSTRUCTIONS (SKILLS)
Introduce students to the theoretical considerations involved in drafting jury instructions, as well as provide them with hands-on training in the research and writing of instructions.
1372 - JUVENILE LAW
The legal regulation of child-parent and child-state relations including such topics as First Amendment rights, intro-familial tort immunity, medical treatment of children, compulsory education, the age of majority and legal representation of children. Juvenile court proceedings involving child abuse and neglect, “unruliness”, and delinquency.
1376 - LABOR LAW
The historical development of employees’ rights in the private sector, the enactment of and provisions of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act), the Taft Hartley Act, and the Landrum-Griffin Act. The different and changing political consensus of the Congress concerning the respective roles of unions and management. The collective bargaining agreement and the rights of individual members of unions.
1380 - LAW OFFICE ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT (SKILLS)
Various considerations, techniques, and approaches which are necessary for a successful management of the legal practice. A case study and problem based approach is utilized to generate class discussion and involvement. Forms of organization for the practice of law, overall management techniques and concerns, personnel management; ethical considerations including professional malpractice and liability insurance; equipment and office layout, libraries; systems; income determination and distribution; clients, public relations, and development of the practice.
1384 - LAW REVIEW
Writing a Law Review comment of publishable quality.
1388 - LEGAL PROFESSION
The rules of conduct that regulate a lawyer’s relations with clients, the courts, other members of the legal profession and the community at large.
1392 - LEGISLATIVE PROCESS AND DRAFTING (SKILLS)
The organization of and powers of the legislative branch of government and development of practical skills of legislative drafting and statutory analysis. Matters affecting apportionment, members’ qualifications, witness immunity, the speech and debate clause, initiatives, referenda and recall, electoral finance, appropriations and the legislative veto are addressed. The drafting and analysis of bills or resolutions, committee reports, and prepared statements.
1396 - MOOT COURT (SKILLS)
Representing the College of Law in an inter-scholastic Moot Court competition. The completion of a written brief of competitive quality, extensive preparation for oral arguments, and a cooperative team spirit.
1400 - MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS
The formation of and legislative control over public corporations (primarily cities and villages), the powers of such corporations with respect to public welfare, zoning, appropriations, contracts, and the liability of such corporations in tort and contract; relationships with other units of government; state preemption issues; drafting of ordinances.
1402 – OIL AND GAS LAW
The property interests that are commonly created in oil and gas and the land from which they are produced; the nature of a landowner’s interest in oil and gas; the creation and duration of mineral leases; the rights and duties between lessor and lessee; the nature and characteristics of a mineral fee; the rights and duties between mineral and surface owners; the different kinds of royalty and mineral interests; the protection of interests in oil and gas properties against trespassers and wrongful claimants, and agreements between oil companies, such as farm outs and operating agreements; state regulation of drilling and production, including spacing rules, pooling and unitization.
1404 - PATENT LAW AND PRACTICE
Examination of the legal protection afforded inventors under the patent law. Classes of patenable inventions, requirements for patenability, rights of inventors and remedies for patent infringement. Basic patent drafting and prosecution techniques and recent patent law developments in the pharmaceutical, biological and genetic engineering fields.
1408 - POVERTY LAW
A study of the legal problems of the poor in America with particular attention to the welfare system, public and private housing and family law.
1411 - EVALUATION AND PROOF OF PERSONAL INJURY DAMAGES (SKILLS)
An introduction to the evaluation and proof of personal injury damages in tort litigation. In addition to assigned readings and class discussions, students will perform a variety of tasks related to the evaluation and proof of damages in a simulated personal injury claim. Topics may include: the evaluation and proof of damages for past and future medical costs, past and future lost wages, disability, pain and suffering and emotional distress, loss of “care, comfort and companionship”, wrongful death, and punitive damages; the retention, preparation and examination of expert witnesses; the use of demonstrative evidence; effective closing arguments re damages; tactics for settlement negotiation; and the effect of legislative initiatives on the value of personal injury claims.
1412 - PRODUCTS LIABILITY
The law of negligence, warranty, and strict liability as it relates to injuries caused by manufactured products.
1416 - REAL ESTATE: RESIDENTIAL CONVEYANCES
The legal institutions and legal problems involved in real estate acquisition, contracting and financing, including equity, conveyancing and mortages. The drafting of a closing of a real estate transaction.
1417 – REAL ESTATE: COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Introduces students to the legal and practical issues associated with the acquisition, construction, leasing, ownership, operation and management of various types of commercial real estate projects. Satisfies the skills requirement for graduation.
1418 – REAL ESTATE FINANCE AND MORTGAGE LAW
Examines various aspects of the law of mortgages and other forms of security in real property.
Addresses issues related to foreclosure, redemption and other rights and duties of the parties upon default. Explores current issues in predatory lending and secondary market transactions.
1420 - REMEDIES
Remedial systems of law and equity; modern practices of damages, equitable relief, declaratory judgments, and restitutionary remedies. The impact of statutory remedies; the use of the political and administrative process to affect private relationships.
1424 - SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE & OPINION
Academic topics (theories of admissibility of novel scientific evidence) combined with practical litigation skills (demonstrations and simulations of direct and cross-examinations of experts) and a survey of problems in forensic science (identification through fingerprinting, serology, and DNA typing), recovered memory and hypnosis.
1428 - SECURITIES REGULATION
The definition of “security”, the disclosure requirements and registration process associated with the public issuance of securities, exemptions from registration, the evolution of the national market system and the regulation of broker/dealers.
1432 - SPECIAL TOPICS
1 to 5 Credits
1436 - SPORTS LAW
Legal issues in both amateur and professional athletics.
1440 - TAXATION: FEDERAL INCOME TAX
The fundamentals of federal income taxation, emphasizing its application to individuals. Gross income (inclusions and exclusions); adjusted gross income; deductions; taxable income; taxable credits; identification of the taxpayer; general tax accounting principles; and basic federal tax procedure. The application of the income tax law to business and investment property, including capital gains and losses, depreciation, and recapture. A consideration of the non-recognition and deferral of income, and other factors affecting the computation of tax liability.
1444 - TAXATION OF CORPORATIONS AND SHAREHOLDERS
Federal income taxation of corporate activities, with emphasis on consequences to individual shareholders. Prerequisite: LAW 1440 - Taxation: Federal Income Tax.
1448 - TAXATION OF PARTNERSHIPS & PARTNERS
The federal tax law applying to the relationship between the partnership and its partners. The formation, operation, and liquidation of partnerships, as well as the sale of a partnership, interest, and the retirement of a partner. Prerequisite: LAW 1232 and LAW 1440.
1452 - TAXATION OF ESTATES, GIFTS & TRUSTS
The operation and use of federal tax provisions applicable to inter vivos and testamentary dispositions of property with particular emphasis upon matters of federal estate and gift taxation. Prerequisite: LAW 1440 - Taxation: Federal Income Tax.
1456 - NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS
The rules affecting charitable organizations, including tax-exempt income, unrelated business income, lobbying and political activities, and the deduction of contributions. Prerequisite: LAW 1440 - Taxation: Federal Income Tax.
1457 - PERSONAL FINANCIAL LITERACY (SKILLS)
Study of basic financial elements of individuals’ lives, including cash flow, investments, housing, insurance, health care, and retirement planning.
1458 - TERRORISM AND CRIMINAL LAW
Examination of the various approaches of the American legal system to the problem of terrorism in the United States, including statutory, regulatory and judicial responses, and the role of the military.
1460 - TRANSITION TO OHIO PRACTICE (SKILLS)
Skills-based exercises and practical information for the practice of law in Ohio. Law office procedures, professional responsibility issues, client management techniques, law office economics, and Ohio substantive law.
1461 – TRANSITION TO PRACTICE: MULTI-JURISDICTIONS (SKILLS)
Bar preparation for jurisdictions other than Ohio; effective study methods for the bar exam; issue identification, analytical and writing skills in the context of Evidence, Contracts, and Torts. Methods include multiple choice tests from released multi-state bar examinations (“MBE”) by the National Conference of Bar Examiners and a released Multi-state Performance Test (“MPT”).
1464 - TRIAL ADVOCACY (SKILLS)
Development of courtroom skills including trial preparation, presentation of motions, introduction of evidence, direct and cross examination of witnesses, opening statements, closing arguments, and trial strategy. Culmination in full trial with a jury. Prerequisite: LAW 1324.
1465 - TRIAL ADVOCACY: ADVANCED (SKILLS)
Development of courtroom skills, including voir dire, opening statements and closing arguments, pre-trial motions.
1505 - CAPITAL PUNISHMENT SEMINAR
The specific legal issues inherent in capital punishment within the general area of criminal law and procedure. Both substantive and procedural law of capital punishment as well as the roles of lawyers, judges, and juries within this legal system. Law and legal analysis in death penalty statutes and cases; empirical analyses of the practice and philosophical examinations as to its wisdom. NOTE: Students who have completed LAW 1244 - Capital Punishment: Law & Procedure may not take this course.
1510 - CHURCH AND STATE SEMINAR
Constitutional problems raised by relations between church and state.
1515 - CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION SEMINAR
This seminar examines leading arguments and perspectives about how the Constitution should be interpreted. Coverage includes sources for reading the Constitution such as text, history, structure, morality, and precedent, as well as liberal, conservative, feminist, critical race, and hermeneutic perspectives that interpreters bring to the document.
1517 – CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: MASS MEDIA LAW SEMINAR
This course surveys the law of mass communications with references to print, radio, television, internet, and other forms of distribution. The subject matter addressed includes the First Amendment, defamation, invasion of privacy and the right of publicity, Federal Communications Commission regulation, advertising and commercial speech, fair use, news gathering, campus regulation of speech and conduct and other relevant subjects. Meets the seminar requirement for graduation and requires the preparation of a paper.
1518 – CONSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS SEMINAR
Development of constitutional doctrines prior to the drafting of the United States Constitution, focusing on the meaning and impact of various documents, including Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and various colonial documents on the drafting of, and debates over, the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights.
1525 - ENVIRONMENTAL LAW SEMINAR
In-depth treatment of specified topics in environmental law. Natural resource protection, hazardous waste management, wildlife protection and environmental litigation.
1530 - INSURANCE BAD FAITH LITIGATION SEMINAR
Serious misconduct of insurance companies or their agents, “bad faith” (breach of contract of good faith and fair dealing), fraud, intentional infliction of emotional distress, and other common law and statutory claims. The imposition of punitive damages to punish and deter such serious misconduct. Insurer’s wrongful refusal to defend against, or settle, third party’s claims against the insured, wrongful refusal to pay first party claims, wrongful cancellation, and other misconduct. Jurisdiction, conflict of laws, class actions, discovery disputes, evidence issues, trial misconduct and any other matters.
1535 - INTELLECTURAL PROPERTY SEMINAR
In-depth study of discrete problems in trademark, copyright, trade secret and unfair competition law.
1560 – JURISPRUDENCE (SEMINAR)
A study of theory and philosophy as they apply to the functions of the legal system. Selected topics include: Natural Law; Positivism; Realism; Morality and Law; Obligation; Civil Disobedience; and the Role of the Courts as an agent of change.
1570 - LAND USE PLANNING SEMINAR
The major current issues in the field of eminent domain law; the planned development of land uses through public controls such as zoning and through the cooperative activities of public and private enterprise as exemplified in urban renewal projects.
1577 - LAW AND ECONOMICS SEMINAR
Legal issues from an economic perspective within the ambit of corporate law, torts, property law, environmental law and antitrust/economic regulation. While frequently and mistakenly associated with a conservative political ideology, the Law and Economics approach has been embraced by Supreme Court Justices as diverse as William Brennan, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer and Antonin Scalia.
1580 - LAW & LITERATURE SEMINAR
In-depth examination of classic works of literature and judicial opinions in an effort to enhance the students’ writing skills and their capacity for critical legal analysis. The way in which lawyers’ use of language constrains and informs the process of advocacy and adjudication.
1587 - LAW OF WAR SEMINAR
The customary law of war, Geneva conventions, the American law of war (in its constitutional, directive, and decisional aspects), war tribunals both foreign and domestic, and norms for civilian protection, POW management, and weapons employment. Law 1360 International Law is strongly recommended as background for this course.
1590 - LEGAL HISTORY SEMINAR (AMERICAN)
American legal history from the seventeenth century to the present, including the significance of law in the structure of American social and economic institutions; the political, social and economic contexts of legislative and juridicial action; jurisprudential ideologies; and the relationship of law to politics.
1595 - WOMEN & THE LAW SEMINAR
The legal system’s attempt to counter discriminatory treatment of women from the standpoint of formal equality and the weaknesses and critiques of that approach. The legal practice and theoretical debates surrounding specific issues (such as sexual harassment, rape, pornography and abortion) that raise fundamental questions about whether and how law should be involved in preventing discrimination on the basis of sex and, more broadly, gender.
1610 - CIVIL CLINICS (SKILLS)
3 or 6 Credits
Placement in programs involving representation of clients or organizations under the supervision of a licensed attorney. Placements include, but are not limited to, the ONU Legal Clinic, litigation clinic, corporate clinic, bankruptcy clinic, environmental clinic, governmental clinic and others. May be taken for up to 6 credits.
1610.01 - OHIO NORTHERN UNIVERSITY LEGAL CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
The representation of clients in civil litigation matters such as family law, social security disability, and other general civil litigation matters at the ONU Legal Clinic in Lima, Ohio, under the supervision of a licensed staff attorney. Prerequisities: Successful completion of 58 hours of law college credit and an intern certificate from the Supreme Court of Ohio.
Prerequisite or co-requisite: LAW 1248 – Civil Practice: an Introduction.
1610.02 - LITIGATION CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
The representation of clients in civil litigation matters such as family law, landlord/tenant and other general civil litigation matters at a local legal aid organization under the supervision of practicing attorneys affiliated with the legal aid organization. Prerequisities: Successful completion of 58 hours of law college credit and an intern certificate from the Supreme Court of Ohio. Prerequisite or co-requisite: LAW 1248 – Civil Practice: an Introduction.
1610.03 - CORPORATE TRANSACTIONAL CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
The representation of non-profit organizations and local churches in corporate matters including incorporating, obtaining tax exempt status with the Internal Revenue Service and real property issues. Prerequisites: Successful completion of 58 hours of law college credit and an intern certificate form the Supreme Court of Ohio. Prerequisite or co-requisite: LAW 1236 – Business Organizations 1.
1610.04 - BANKRUPTCY CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
Under the supervision of a bankruptcy panel trustee or bankruptcy practitioner, the researching, drafting pleadings and making court appearances in Federal Bankruptcy Court. Prerequisites: Successful completion of 58 hours of law college credit and an intern certificate from the Supreme Court of Ohio. Prerequisite or co-requisite: LAW 1224 – Bankruptcy and Creditor’s Rights.
1610.05 - ENVIRONMENTAL CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
Under the supervision of licensed attorneys, placement with a non-profit environmental group in Ohio; engaging in research, drafting of pleadings and other activities pertaining to environmental law. Prerequisites: Successful completion of 58 hours of law college credit and an intern certificate from the Supreme Court of Ohio. Prerequisite or co-requisite: either LAW 1312 – Environmental Law or LAW 1525 – Environmental Law Seminar.
1610.06 - GOVERNMENTAL CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
Under the supervision of attorneys from different governmental agencies, researching, drafting memos and engaging in other activities handled by the agency in question. Prerequisites: Successful completion of 58 hours of law college credit and an intern certificate from the Supreme Court of Ohio. Prerequisite or co-requisite: LAW 1248 – Civil Practice: an Introduction.
1610.07 - NON-PROFIT LITIGATION CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
Under the supervision of practicing attorneys or administrators, providing assistance to non-profit agencies on legal issues confronting them. Prerequisites: Successful completion of 58 hours of law college credit and an intern certificate from the Supreme Court of Ohio. Prerequisite or co-requisite: LAW 1248 – Civil Practice: an Introduction.
1610.08 - MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
Students work with Municipal Government Solicitors or City Law Directors on civil litigation and criminal litigation issues arising within the context of a municipal government. Prerequisite or co-requisite: LAW 1400 – Municipal Corporations.
1630 - CRIMINAL CLINICS (SKILLS)
3 or 6 Credits
Placement in prosecution or public defender offices, involving the representation of the state or of criminal defendants under the supervision of a licensed practicing attorney. May be taken for up to 6 credits.
1630.01 - PROSECUTION CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
Placement in prosecutor office, involving the representation of the state in criminal misdemeanors under the supervision of a licensed practicing attorney. May be taken for up to 6 credits. Prerequisite LAW 1296 – Criminal Practice: an Introduction or LAW 1297 – Criminal Practice: Advanced.
1630.02 - PUBLIC DEFENDER CLINIC
3 / 6 Credits
Placement in public defender office involving the representation of criminal defendants under the supervision of a licensed practicing attorney. Prerequisite LAW 1296 – Criminal Practice: an Introduction or LAW 1297 – Criminal Practice: Advanced.
1670 - JUDICIAL EXTERNSHIP 1 (SKILLS)
Under the supervision of selected state and federal judges, performing research, writing and other court-related duties that the judge assigns.
1671 - JUDICIAL EXTERNSHIP 2 (SKILLS)
This clinical course would entail placement with a state or federal judge during the course of the semester performing research, writing and other court related duties. Students may not be placed with the same judge who supervised their work in Judicial Externship 1. Requires the submission of a paper or a substantial draft opinion.
1705 - AMERICAN LEGAL SYSTEM
An introduction to the American legal system. The constitutional arrangement of American government, the court system, legislative organization, and administrative agencies, basic legal research tools in American law, including library systems and online databases. LLM students only.
1710 - COMPARATIVE ADMINISTRATIVE LAW
The role of administrative law in different states with an emphasis on how nations address common issues of the administrative state. Different approaches to the role of government agencies in both individual decision-making such as licensing and adjudication, and rulemaking or adoption of normative acts will be discussed. Topics will include the role of judicial review and legislative oversight of the bureaucracy, accountability of individual government officials, and rights of individuals within the bureaucracy.
1715 - COMPARATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Analysis of critical common elements of constitutional regimes and their variations. Constitutions of the United States and European Union states will be reviewed along with newly drafted constitutions of central and eastern Europe and Asia. Issues addressed will include basic structures of government, separation of functions, and guarantees of individual rights.
1720 - COMPETITIVENESS & CORRUPTION
The legal environment necessary for a market economy and the corrosive effect of corruption. Focus will be on how corruption undermines essential market regulating legal structures and methods of insulating them from such corruption. Topics will include issues in restructuring existing institutions and creating disincentives for corruption.
1725 - LEGAL CONTEXT OF AMERICAN BUSINESS
Overview of legal structures and regulation of American business. The creation and governance of corporate legal entities, basic elements of corporate finance, and fundamentals of government regulation of business. LLM students only.
1730 - LEGAL ISSUES IN TRANSITIONAL DEMOCRACIES
Treatment of critical issues for developing democracies. Topics covered will include integrity of the electoral process, judicial independence, role of the press, ethnic and religious minorities, and non-governmental organizations in transitional states. Other topics will be considered depending on individual class interests.
1735 - RULE OF LAW SEMINAR
Preparation of 25 page research paper devoted to a critical area of legal reform in student’s home country. Topics will be selected in consultation with the instructor. Classroom sessions will provide opportunities for students to present their ideas and comment on those of other participants. Papers will be collected and published. LLM students only.
1736 - SELECTED TOPICS IN DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE AND RULE OF LAW
Concentrated treatment of particular issues or skills related to promoting democracy and the rule of law. Required January term course. LLM students only.
1740 - JD/LLM DOMESTIC EXTERNSHIP
Under the supervision of attorneys or senior program officers in governmental or non-governmental organizations dealing with democracy and governance and law reform, students will engage in research, writing, and other activities in the planning and implementation of government and legal reform projects. Placements will be in the United States. Prerequisites: Completion of first year of concurrent JD/LLM program.
1745 - JD/LLM INTERNATIONAL EXTERNSHIP
Under the supervision of attorneys or senior program officers in governmental or non-governmental organizations dealing with democracy and governance and law reform, students will engage in research, writing, and other activities in the planning and implementation of government and legal reform projects. Placements will be outside the United States. Prerequisites: Completion of first year of concurrent JD/LLM program.
1800 - ICELANDIC INTERNATIONAL LAW THESIS
A three credit Independent study for those students participating in the Iceland Exchange Program. The topic will be determined by the student and supervising professor. An independent Study form must be completed by the student prior to registration.
OVRC 239 – UNIVERSITY OF ICELAND EXCHANGE PROGRAM
9 to 12 Credits
Courses taken in the University of Iceland exchange program change annually. Courses for each semester will be listed in the registration materials of the College of Law.
PRO BONO VOLUNTARY PROGRAM
The faculty of the College of Law has approved and recommends that each student, during his/her second or third year, volunteer in a program providing legal services for poverty-level or elderly persons. Those students who successfully complete thirty (30) hours of Pro Bono work during the fall, spring or summer semester will have a notation on their transcript that they did Pro Bono work while in law school. To sign up for the Pro Bono Program, obtain a Pro Bono Registration Form from the front office, get the signature of the faculty member listed for the placement site, submit this form to the Associate Dean.
On the last day of class for the semester, the student must submit time sheets, signed by the supervisor at the placement site, showing a total of 30 hours of service. These must be submitted to the Associate Dean. The file will then be reviewed by the faculty advisor. The registrar will then be directed to make a notation on the student’s file; to wit, Pro Bono Service: VITA, or Pro Bono Service: Legal Aid.
The current placement sites are VITA (Volunteers in Tax Assistance), Street Law, Ohio Northern Legal Clinic and Community Mediation.